fbpx

🧬 DNA and Chromosomes

 

DNA and chromosomes may seem like completely separate things. Well, they’re not. In fact, all chromosomes are individual DNA molecules coiled and twisted around, because DNA is huge. At least in eukaryotes it is. That’s one of the first differences between eukaryotes and prokaryotes in their DNA – prokaryotes have less DNA.

 

Eukaryotic DNA is stored within the nucleus of each cell (apart from cells without one, e.g. red blood cells). Because of its sheer size, it must be organised well. Proteins called histones help do just that:

 

 

This is the second difference: eukaryotes have histones around which the DNA coils, while prokaryotes don’t. So what does prokaryotic DNA…

πŸ† Read 500+ topics for all 6 UK exam boards πŸ†

πŸ“ Enter now to claim your FREE 3-day trial and find answers to all your revision topicsΒ πŸ“

βœ”οΈ Just Β£3.49/month after that. Cancel anytimeΒ βœ”οΈ

You explain everything so simply!Β πŸ™‚Β -SecretDuck on The Student Room