๐Ÿ• Ethology


What is Ethology and an Ethogram?

How to make an Ethogram

Important things to remember


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What is Ethology and an Ethogram?

Ethology is the study of animal behaviour in their natural environment. Anย ethogramย is a reference of all behaviours seen in a species in the wild.

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In studying animal behaviour,ย time budgetsย can be put together which show the time spent by the animal doing each activity. They can be characterised according toย latency,ย frequencyย andย duration. For example, a dog might have a 1 minute latency of โ€œtoyingโ€ 3 times (frequency) for 4 minutes (duration).

Latency refers to the delay between exposure to a stimulus and reaction.

Actions in an ethogram must be mutually exclusive, objective and lacking in explanation. For example, the dog may be โ€œbitingโ€, but not โ€œbiting angrilyโ€. Tendency toย anthropomorphise animal behaviour must also be prevented. This refers to the human bias of trying to explain behaviour from a human point of view, using…