👄 Herbivore and carnivore adaptations

As previously covered, herbivores and carnivores display adaptations relating to their feeding practices. These extend to the teeth, enzymes produced, length of intestine and beyond.




Herbivores adapted to a high cellulose diet such as ruminants have specialised teeth. They do not have incisors which are used to tear flesh in carnivores. Instead, they have a dental pad that helps chew plants. Looks so weird, took me a while to understand what was going on.



To help with the constant grinding, their teeth also grow continuously.

Gut-wise, they have four compartments: the rumen, reticulum, omasum and abomasum.



In the first two sections, the rumen and the reticulum, food is digested with saliva and a process of separation of liquids from solids takes place. The solids become…