🌿 Bryophyta (e.g. moss) form and adaptations


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Mosses are simple plants with no differentiated parts i.e. leaves, stems, roots. They are multicellular and do not possess a cuticle or stomata except in the spore forming parts. Their features are adapted to moist conditions and vulnerable in dry conditions.

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Rhizoids are specialised for attachment to the soil. They do not penetrate deeply, so mosses only populate areas where water and ions are abundant higher in the soil.

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Since bryophytes do not posses a vascular system, the structural support is given solely by the turgor pressure inside cells.

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The capsule contains sporesΒ that disperse to give rise to further plants. Spores germinate inΒ moist conditions, and can withstand a limited amount of desiccation. This renders them vulnerable in..