This is a legacy topic. View the most up to date content by selecting the exam board in the dropdown to the left.
What is at the heart of new species formation? It all starts with a single population of a species which for whatever reason (genetic bottlenecks, founder effect, etc.) ends up being split geographically to the point where no interbreeding occurs for a certain length of time.
Given that the two habitats are different, the individuals in each population will adapt differently to counteract different selection pressures. Say for example the ants in the forest experience a warmer and more nutrient-rich surrounding compared to the emigrated ants on a nearby, although disconnected, beach.
The adaptations acquired by both populations over a long time will get increasingly disparate. When these pass a threshold, the two populations can no longer interbreed, even if the opportunity were given (due to excessive genetic difference). They have now become separate species! This process is called speciation.
OFF TOPIC : I just want to say that your website is brilliant, thank you!!
Thank you for making all the content btw!
Serena Kutty YouTube
wow just checked out your website and think it’s pretty cool.
Eager bug The Student Room
Hi! I have recently finished my first year doing biology at uni and I subscribed to you back when I was doing AQA A levels (glad I don’t live in Wales after watching this vid lol) and you and your website helped me so much. Just wanted to say it’s so nice to see you
Mr Peanutbutter YouTube
Thank you for the help, your website and videos are awesome
pika mart YouTube