🦋 Measuring biodiversity and natural selection

 

In the wild, each species may exist as one population or multiple populations. Different populations correspond to defined areas – habitats.

 

The sum of all present alleles for a given gene in a given population is known as the gene pool.

 

This is essentially a way of thinking about all the individuals in a population contributing their alleles towards the overall allele frequency. The extent of different alleles present gives the genetic diversity of a…