πŸ₯ Seed, fruit, germination and the hormone gibberellin

Following fertilisation, the new seed is carried in fruit and can finally give rise to a new plant through germination at a location potentially further away than the parent plant. Fruit serves this spreading purpose by containing nutrients appealing to various animals which consume them and expel their seeds through defecation at a more distant place.

 

Seeds and fruit can develop into a multitude of shapes, sizes and arrangements in different flowering plants.

 

Broad bean

Broad beans have been cultivated for food for thousands of years, and are a great source of protein and folate.

 

 

In this case, the whole pod is the β€œfruit” while the bean is the seed. The testa is the outer coat that protects the embryo against dehydration and infection by…