πŸ’” The Biological Basis of Heart Disease


Atheroma Aneurysm

Thrombosis

Myocardial infarction


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Coronary heart disease is a major cause of death in the UK and much of the rest of the world. Risk factors associated with CHD are diet, blood cholesterol, cigarette smoking and high blood pressure.

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Atheroma

This is the build up of fatty material in the walls of arteries. It is often the underlying cause that leads to heart disease.

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As you can see, it leads to the narrowing of arteries, causing a lowering of blood supply. Atheroma is associated with an increased risk of aneurysm and thrombosis. Aneurysm is a ballooning of the artery which weakens the affected area. This requires urgent treatment, otherwise it is fatal if the balloon β€œpops”. Thrombosis is a blood clot stuck in a vessel which results in less blood supply to a specific area, and the subsequent affected tissues may be starved of blood and and die…..