👩‍⚕️ Vertebrae and deformities

The vertebral column is what classifies all vertebrates as such, and acts to support the skeleton as part of the axial skeleton further including the rib cage and the skull. It protects the spinal cord contained within, which is one part of the central nervous system, carrying nerves to the whole body.


As the name suggests, the column is composed of 33 vertebrae (in humans), which are the individual bones that line the column from top to bottom. The top 24 vertebrae are spaced by intervertebral discs made of fibrous cartilage, while the bottom 9 are fused e.g. the tailbone.



Furthermore, the vertebral column is split into multiple sections: cervical (vertebrae C1-C7), thoracic (vertebrae T1-T12), lumbar (vertebrae L1-L5), the sacrum and…