All UK Exam Boards included

Muscles as Effectors

This is a legacy topic. View the most up to date content by selecting the exam board in the dropdown to the left.

 

Energy for Muscles

Muscles use ATP from aerobic respiration to contract. However, depending on muscle type (below), anaerobic respiration may be carried out to provide energy very quickly. When this is the case, a reaction involving both ATP and PCr (phosphocreatine) occurs. The trick here is that unlike typical anaerobic respiration, no lactate is produced.

Types of Muscle

There are two main kinds of muscle fibre: slow twitch and fast twitch. Hmm, I do wonder what they do. Perhaps they joyously twitch slowly… or fast.

 

Slow twitch: slow contraction, uses ATP from aerobic respiration, can work for prolonged periods of time e.g. back muscles holding us up throughout the day.

 

Fast twitch: fast contraction, uses ATP+PCr from anaerobic respiration, can work for short periods of time e.g. leg muscles moving us out of the way of an incoming van.

 

Therefore, slow twitch muscle fibres contain plenty of mitochondria for aerobic respiration and capillaries for the oxygen required to do it. Fast twitch fibres contain few mitochondria and aren’t as richly vascularised.

Sorry! There are no posts.

Sorry! There are no posts.

Your Reviews

OMG them videos are great! You're a goldmine - and I'm a gold digger ;)

sc12 YouTube

wow just checked out your website and think it’s pretty cool.

Eager bug The Student Room

Thank you for the help, your website and videos are awesome

pika mart YouTube

You explain everything so simply! 

SecretDuck The Student Room

I bookmarked the site 

translucent The Student Room